Leadership is a force that binds a group together and motivates it towards the desired goals.

Meaning:

A leader is a person who guides and directs others, called followers. He gives focus to the fforts of his followers. The manager, as a leader, influences his subordinates to indulge in such activities as are vital for the accomplishment of the enterprise goal.

Leadership is a force that binds a group together and motivates it towards the desired goals.

Nature and Characteristics of Leadership:

It is the personal quality of a person: Leadership, to a considerable extent, is an in-born or an inherent quality of a person. It is also possible to train a person to acquire leadership qualities. It is the potentials of the manager that determine his ability to guide, direct and co-ordinate the activities of his subordinates.

It is a process of influencing others: Leadership is a process of influencing others to act. In an enterprise, the manager has to get things done by his subordinates. For this, he has to influence their beliefs, behavior and attitudes. The success of leadership lies in the willingness of the subordinates to comply with the directions of the manager.

It requires the confidence of followers/subordinates: To be accepted as a leader, the manager must gain the confidence of his subordinates. For this, he must be very knowledgeable, sincere and committed to his work. He must be a role model for his subordinates. He must have certain beliefs and values.

It requires motivation of subordinates: The leader is expected to motivate or induce his subordinates to work. By giving directions, orders and instructions alone, the manager may not be able to get things done. He has to suitably motivate the subordinates to put in efforts. Motivation need not always be in the form of offering certain monetary benefits. Even a word of appreciation may induce the subordinates to work hard.

Varying leadership styles: The styles of leadership vary from person to person. Some managers are, by nature, democratic leaders while there are others who may follow the autocratic style of leadership.

Leadership is a continuous process: The presence of a leader is always necessary in an organization. The subordinates need to be guided, influenced, controlled and induced to work continuously for the attainment of the organizational goal.